The latest increase in the base rate is putting further pressure on small businesses’ margins as costs rise, the Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) has warned.

It has called for the Government to provide more “certainty and support”, including further help when the Energy Bill Relief Scheme comes to an end in April.

The Bank of England yesterday raised its base rate by 0.5% to 3.5% – the ninth increase this year, putting it at the highest level in 14 years. It also warned of further rises in the new year.

The decision was made despite a 0.4% drop in annual inflation – the consumer price index – which is now running at 10.7% compared to 11.1% in October.

Martin McTague, national chair of the FSB, said: “This time last year, the base rate was just 0.1%. The precipitous climb in borrowing costs in under 12 months has hit small firms hard, eroding their margins at a time when many are struggling with the very cost increases which prompted the Bank of England to increase the rate in the first place.

“Energy costs are by far the biggest driver of the inflation that businesses and consumers are experiencing, and interest rate increases are doing little to rein in energy bills, while making it harder for small firms to keep the lights on.

“SMEs are collectively carrying £33 billion extra in debt, much of it index-linked, compared to January 2020, before Covid hit. Every basis point increase means extra pressure for those on floating rates, and a disincentive to apply for finance for firms looking to grow and invest.

“Our Small Business Index found that in Q3, nearly two in five small firms applying for finance were offered a rate of 8% or higher, compared to a quarter of small firms in the same period in 2021.

“This was supposed to be the recovery period, where the economy got back into gear, with small firms providing the engine of growth. The cost of doing business crisis has knocked that plan off course, and many small businesses are wondering – amid strikes and disruption, near rock-bottom consumer confidence, and continued rises in input costs – how they will stay afloat.

“The Government’s forthcoming announcement on how it will support businesses once the Energy Bill Relief Scheme comes to an end must have a compelling offer for small firms, one in four of whom say they plan to close, downsize or restructure in the absence of a sufficient level of energy support after March.

“Many small businesses are struggling at the moment. They need certainty and support, to help them make the most of the festive season, and enter the new year in a spirit of optimism.”

www.fsb.org.uk